Improves Recovery Time
Interventional cardiology specifically uses catheter based diagnosis and
treatment procedures. A large number of procedures can be completed on
the heart using a catheter, typically with less pain, time in the hospital,
and improved recovery than other methods of treating heart disease.
A small mesh tube called a stent is usually placed in the newly widened
part of the artery during an angioplasty. The stent holds up the artery
and lowers the risk of the artery narrowing again. Stents are made of
metal mesh and look like small springs.
Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) is performed to open
blocked coronary arteries caused by coronary artery disease (CAD) and
to restore arterial blood flow to the heart tissue without open-heart
surgery. A special catheter (long hollow tube) is inserted into the coronary
artery to be treated. This catheter has a tiny balloon at its tip. The
balloon is inflated once the catheter has been placed into the narrowed
area of the coronary artery. The inflation of the balloon compresses the
fatty tissue in the artery and makes a larger opening inside the artery
for improved blood flow.
Cardiac catheterization is a medical procedure used to diagnose and treat
certain heart conditions. A long, thin, flexible tube called a catheter
is put into a blood vessel in your arm, groin (upper thigh), or neck and
threaded to your heart. Through the catheter, doctors can perform diagnostic
tests and treatments on your heart.