In May alone, some 65,000 Americans will experience a stroke with many
unaware that they were even at risk. Less than a third will arrive in
the emergency room within three hours, the optimal time period for better outcomes.
May marks National Stroke Awareness Month, and this year the
National Stroke Association is turning the spotlight on the 10 modifiable risk factors that account
for 90% of strokes globally. Hypertension remains the single most important
modifiable risk factor, accounting for nearly 48% of strokes. With eight
in 10 people experiencing their first stroke having hypertension, getting
your blood pressure checked is an important first step in controlling
your stroke risk.
Research has shown that unhealthy behaviors such as physical inactivity,
poor diet, and smoking have an adverse effect on health and increase your
stroke risk. For example, smokers have an increased risk of stroke, up
to two to four times, compared to a nonsmoker or those that have quit
for longer than 10 years.
During National Stroke Awareness Month, the National Stroke Association
is urging the public to look at their stroke risk factors, and pledge
to make at least one change to reduce their stroke risk.
Here’s how much stroke would be reduced if each were eliminated:
- Hypertension 47.9%
- Physical inactivity 35.8%
- Lipids (blood fats) 26.8%
- Poor diet 23.2%
- Obesity 18.6%
- Smoking 12.4%
- Heart causes 9.1%
- Alcohol intake 5.8%
- Stress 5.8%
- Diabetes 3.9%
your risk for stroke, knowing the signs and symptoms of a stroke are equally important. Every
40 seconds someone in the U.S. has a stroke and around 800,000 people
will have a stroke in the United States this year alone.
“Learning how to recognize a stroke is just as important as reducing
your risk factors,” says Robyn Moore, CEO of the National Stroke
Association. “We know that recognition of stroke symptoms leads
to receiving medical attention faster, which results in better outcomes.
Knowing the signs of stroke, how to prevent it, and how to help others
around you, just might save a life.”
Sadly, however, fewer than half of 9-1-1 calls for stroke are made within
one hour of symptom onset and fewer than half of callers correctly identify
stroke as the reason for their call. The acronym FAST is an easy way to
identify the most common symptoms of a stroke:
F – Face: Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop?
A – Arms: Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?
S – Speech: Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence. Is their speech slurred?
T – Time: If you observe any of these signs, call 9-1-1 immediately.
A common misconception is that strokes occur only in older adults. Although,
your stroke risk increases with age, a stroke can happen to anyone at
any time. About 15% of ischemic strokes occur in young adults and adolescents.
The need for public awareness surrounding stroke prevention and awareness
has never been greater. Despite being a leading cause of adult long-term
disability, and the fifth leading cause of death, less than one in five
Americans can correctly classify
all five stroke symptoms. The time to take action is now. This May, during National Stroke Awareness
month, get to know your stroke risk factors and learn to better identify
the signs and symptoms of stroke. The life you save just might be your own.
Source: National Stroke Association