Experienced Lung Cancer Care in Stafford & Fredericksburg
A significant advance in diagnosing lung cancer has occurred in recent
years. The National Lung Cancer Screening Trial (NLST) was a national
project to determine if CT scans would provide a better way to detect
early stage lung cancer than the traditional x-ray. The study proved conclusively
that low-dose CT scan is a superior screening tool.
To determine if you have lung cancer, your physician may also order the
- Chest X-ray
- Sputum cytology
- Needle biopsy
- MRI, PET, or bone scans
Chemotherapy for Lung Cancer
Chemotherapy is designed to provide interference with a cancer cell’s
growth and reproduction. Oncologists recommend individualized treatment
plans for patients, depending on the drugs effect I fighting cancer cells.
Chemotherapy may be used alone, or before or after other treatments.
Radiation Therapy for Lung Cancer
High-energy radiation is used to shrink tumors and eliminate cancer cells.
Radiation therapy may be combined with chemotherapy for lung cancer treatment.
There are two ways to deliver radiation therapy:
- External radiation (external beam therapy)
- Internal radiation (brachytherapy, implant radiation)
Surgery for Lung Cancer
The Regional Cancer Center's Lung cancer program is managed by J. Timothy
Sherwood, MD, one of the leading thoracic surgeons in the United States.
An associate professor for Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Dr. Sherwood
has a dedicated thoracic practice in Fredericksburg, Virginia and is also
the director of our Thoracic Surgery program. He treats patients from
across the country, who are referred to the Regional Cancer Center for
the most advanced surgeries, many of which require additional skill to
perform. This makes the Regional Cancer Center's lung cancer program
one of the truly unique programs of its kind.
Dr. Sherwood has a special surgical team and operates exclusively at Mary
Washington Hospital, a tertiary-care medical center with large surgical
suites to accommodate specialized surgical teams and equipment. We also
have dedicated services for post-surgical care for lung cancer.
Dr. Sherwood uses a state-of-the-art technique known as video-assisted
thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) that enables the surgeon to see and work
inside the chest with very small incisions and special instruments. A
small telescope, called a thoracoscope, is inserted through one incision
to capture a clear image of the operating area. Dr. Sherwood views this
image on a video screen while performing the procedure using specialized
surgical instruments inserted into the chest through other tiny incisions.
VATS has dramatically changed thoracic surgery by eliminating the need
for completely opening the chest in many procedures.
Types of Surgery:
- Segmental or wedge resection
- Sleeve resection